is Virginia Woolf's birthday! She was born Adeline Virginia Stephen at 22 Hyde
Park Gate in London on 25 January 1882.
Clickhereto discover everything about the life and legacy of Virginia Woolf whose works are of great importance in the history of the novel because of her experiments with narration, characterisation and style which classify her among the great modernists.
one is so completely disenchanted with the world, or knows it so thoroughly, or
is so utterly disgusted with it, that when it begins to smile upon him he does
not become partially reconciled to it."
Edgar Allan Poe was born in Boston, Massachusetts on 19 January 1809.
Poe’s parents, both professional actors, died before the poet was three years
old, and John and Frances Allan raised him as a foster child in Richmond,
Virginia. John Allan, a prosperous tobacco exporter, sent Poe to the best
boarding schools and later to the University of Virginia, where Poe excelled
academically. However he was forced to leave the university when Allan refused
to pay his gambling debts. Poe returned briefly to Richmond, but his
relationship with Allan deteriorated. In 1827, he moved to Boston and enlisted
in the United States Army. His first collections of poems werepublished, but
they didn't receive significant critical or public attention.
Following his Army service, Poe was admitted to the United States Military
Academy, but he was again forced to leave for lack of financial support. He
then moved into the home of his aunt Maria Clemm and her daughter Virginia in
Poe began to sell short stories to magazines at around this time, and,
in 1835, he became the editor of the Southern Literary Messenger in
Richmond, where he moved with his aunt and cousin Virginia. In 1836, he married
Virginia, who was fourteen years old at the time. Over the next ten years,
Poe established himself as a poet, a short story writer, and an editor.
He published some of his best-known stories and poems, including “The Fall of
the House of Usher","The Tell-Tale Heart",
"The Murders in the Rue Morgue","The Oval Portrait", "The Black Cat"and "The Raven". After Virginia’s
death from tuberculosis in 1847, Poe’s lifelong struggle with depression and
alcoholism worsened. He returned briefly to Richmond in 1849 and then set out
for an editing job in Philadelphia. For unknown reasons, he stopped in
Baltimore. On 3 October 1849, he was found in a state of
semi-consciousness. Poe died four days later of “acute congestion of the
brain.” The circumstances of his death remain obscure.
Poe’s work had a profound impact on American and European literature. He was one of the first critics to focus primarily on the
effect of style and structure in a literary work. His stories mark him as
one of the originators of both horror and detective fiction. Many anthologies
credit him as "the father of the modern short story". In his view, a
short story can be read "at one sitting", it must develop a single
effect and all details that don't bring about that effect should be omitted. As
a poet, Poe believed that a poem should not teach, but convey beauty, of which
love is the highest expression, in consequence he has been seen as a
forerunner to the “art for art’s sake” movement. French Symbolists such as
Mallarméand Rimbaudclaimed him as a literary forerunner. Baudelaire spent
nearly fourteen years translating Poe into French. Today, Poe is remembered as
one of the first American writers to become a major figure in world literature.
Today it is Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, a federal
holiday in the United States honouring the achievements of Martin Luther King, Jr. - the most important spokesman for non-violent activism in the civil rights movement
to end racial segregation. It is celebrated on the third Monday of January each year,
which is close to 15 January, his birthday. Continue reading here.